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Important Points of Milton’s Lycidas
1- The Name Lycidas is derived from Theocritus Idylls (देहाती गीत, गड़रिया गीत) Where Lycidas was a poet and goatherd (गड़रिया).
2- Lycidas is a Pastoral (देहाती, चरवाहा) elegy
3- It is written in 1637 and published in 1638 in a collection of elegies entitled ‘Justa Edourdo King Naufrago.’
4- It was republished in 1645 by Milton.
5- It was originally published in a poetic miscellany (a collection of a various pieces of writing by different authors) with 35 other poems collected at Cambridge.
6- It is also considered as a ‘monody’ (समाधी गीत, विलाप गीत).
(Monody- an ode sung by a single actor in Greek tragedy. A poem lamenting on a person’s death.) It is a lyrical lament for one voice.
7- It is written in iambic pentameter, six syllables with irregular short lines.
8- This elegy has 193 lines.
9- It’s stanzas are of irregular length and changing rhyme schemes.
10- It was dedicated to Edward King. He was Milton’s friend and fellow student at Cambridge.
11- King Edward died by sinking in Irish Sea in August 1637.
12- Milton presents King Edward as a symbolic pastoral character. Here King is seen as the lost shepherd Lycidas.
13- This elegy can be divided into 6 sections. A prologue (प्रस्तावना), 4 main parts and an epilogue (उपसंहार).
14- In this elegy Milton invokes the Muse and explaining the reason for writing the poem.
15- He laments the death of Lycidas.
16- He asked the Muse where was she when Lycidas was dying.
17- Here Milton presents himself as Lycidas friend or fellow shepherd who mourns the death of friend.
18- The elegy contains great imagination of Milton. After Lycidas’ death his soul enters in Heaven and entertained by saints.