Lycidas By Milton, Important Points

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 Important Points of Milton’s Lycidas

1-  The Name Lycidas is derived from Theocritus Idylls (देहाती गीत, गड़रिया गीत) Where Lycidas was a poet and goatherd (गड़रिया).

2-  Lycidas is a Pastoral (देहाती, चरवाहा) elegy

3-  It is written in 1637 and published in 1638 in a collection of elegies entitled Justa Edourdo King Naufrago.’

4-  It was republished in 1645 by Milton.

5-  It was originally published in a poetic miscellany (a collection of a various pieces of writing by different authors) with 35 other poems collected at Cambridge.

6-  It is also considered as a ‘monody’ (समाधी गीत, विलाप गीत).

(Monody- an ode sung by a single actor in Greek tragedy. A poem lamenting on a person’s death.) It is a lyrical lament for one voice.

7-  It is written in iambic pentameter, six syllables with irregular short lines.

8-  This elegy has 193 lines.

9-  It’s stanzas are of irregular length and changing rhyme schemes.

10-      It was dedicated to Edward King. He was Milton’s friend and fellow student at Cambridge.

11-      King Edward died by sinking in Irish Sea in August 1637.

12-      Milton presents King Edward as a symbolic pastoral character. Here King is seen as the lost shepherd Lycidas.

13-      This elegy can be divided into 6 sections. A prologue (प्रस्तावना), 4 main parts and an epilogue (उपसंहार).

14-       In this elegy Milton invokes the Muse and explaining the reason for writing the poem.

15-      He laments the death of Lycidas.

16-      He asked the Muse where was she when Lycidas was dying.

17-      Here Milton presents himself as Lycidas friend or fellow shepherd who mourns the death of friend.

18-      The elegy contains great imagination of Milton. After Lycidas’ death his soul enters in Heaven and entertained by saints.


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