R.K. Narayan, Biography
By- Dinesh Kumar
को सुलभ और
सरल बनाना है
मेहनत से नोट
तैयार किये है, हमारे
बरती गयी है फिर
है l आपसे
अनुरोध है कि
आप नोट को कही
और से मिला ले l
Full name- Rasipuram Krishnaswami Lyre Narayanaswami
Birth- October 10, 1906 in Madras Madras
Presidency in British India
Death- May 13, 2001. Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
You were a South Indian writer. You had
written several works related South India town Malgudi. You were considered the leading writer
of early Indian literature in English. You had written fictions, mythology and
non-fictions. You had been awarded with Padam Vibhushan,
Sahitya Academy Award, Benson
Brother- R.K. Laxman
Father- Krishnaswamy Lyer, was a school
teacher, had six sons and two daughters.
Education- You were an average student. You failed in both the High
School and in the Intermediate class. In 1930, You
had completed you graduation from
Maharaja College. At the time you were of 24. You failed the University entrance exam first
time, but later you passed the examination in 1926 and
joined Maharaja College, Mysore. He had completed his bachelor
degree in 4 years. You had started a job
of school teacher, but later on you had given up that job. You realized that you
can only be successful in the field of writing. So,
You decided to stay at home and write novels. For English Newspapers
and Magazines you started writing stories based on
You spent your part of childhood under the care of his
maternal grandmother, Because of your father’s transfer. Your father was a
school teacher. Maternal grandmother called you with the nick name Kanjappa. You learnt arithmetic, mythology and classical
Indian music and Sanskrit by her.
In 1930, you wrote his first novel Swami and Friends. Although this work was not so much
successful in the starting years. Your own uncle
ridiculed it and it was rejected by the Publishers.
Matrimonial life- The year 1933
was very good and romantic year for you. When you were staying at your sister’s house in Coimbatore, you met a girl named
Rajma. She was of 15. You
fell in love with her at first-sight, Although
the conditions were against you, you manage to talk with her parents.
Working-Life- After marriage you joined the job of a reporter the
newspaper ‘The Justice’. you became more famous and more
familiar with the help of ‘The Justice’. Graham Greene at
Oxford was your friend
he recommended the book Swami and Friends to the
publishers and they published it in 1935. The book highlights the plight of
students as punishment.
Second Nobel ‘The Bachelor of Art’ was
published in 1937. This work was also
recommended by Graham Greene but published by different publisher.
Father’s Death- Your father died in 1937.
In 1938, your novel ‘The Darkroom’ was
published in 1938. This noble was published by third publisher. This novel
was about domestic disharmony.
Wife’s Death- Your Wife died in 1939 of typhoid.
After your wife’s death you were depressed for a long time. You had a daughter, her name was Hema.
She was of only 3 when her mother died.
In 1945, your fourth novel ‘The English
Teacher’ was published. This novel was an autobiographical. In this work
you had expressed your emotions at the time of Rajam’s
In 1943 is started a journal ‘Indian thought’
but for short time.
In November 1942 your ‘Malgudi Days’ (collection
of short-stories) was published.
In 1945 your novel ‘The English Teacher’ was
published. It was an autobiographical novel.
‘Indian thought’ was your own publication. In the field you
became more successful. The publication
is still active.
It is considered that you wrote the only screenplay for the
film ‘Miss Malini’ 1947. It was successfully
adapted into feature film.
In 1952, you published your masterpiece
fiction ‘The Financial Expert’.
In 1955, you published your next novel ‘Waiting
for the Mahatma’.
‘The Guide’ was written while you were visiting the United States in 1956
and it was published in 1958. R.K. Narayan
visited England and met his friend Graham Greene. When
you returned from there you published your book ‘The
Guide’. This book won the ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ in 1958.
In 1960, your non-fictional work ‘My Dateless Diary’
and ‘Next Sunday’ (collection of conversational essays)
In 1961, you published your next novel ‘The
Man-Eater of Malgudi’
In 1964, you published your book based on Mythology ‘Gods, Demons and Others’. In your mythological work
you rewritten and translated the Hindu Mythology.
In 1967 you published your work ‘The Vendor
You visited England and got honorary
doctorates from the University of Leeds.
In 1970 You published your
collection of short stories ‘A Horse and Two Goats’.
You translated ‘Kamba Ramayanam’ to English, your mythological
work. It was published in 1973.
In 1977, you published your novel ‘The Painter
In 1978, you translated ‘The Mahabharata’ in
You got ‘AC Benson Medal’ from
the Royal Society of literature of America.
In 1983, you published your Novel ‘A Tiger
Narayan was nominated to the Rajya
Sabha in 1990. Later you fell ill and
moved to Madras to be close to your daughter’s family in 1994. Your
daughter died of cancer and your grand-daughter Bhuvaneswari (Minnie) started
You published his final novel ‘Grandmother’s
Tale’ in May 2001.
Narayan was hospitalized he was to be put on a ventilator he
was planning and writing his next ‘A Story About a Grandfather’
but he died on 13 may 2001, in Chennai at the age of 94.