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Page No. 3


 

Rules For The Change Of Tenses [ Tense में परिवर्तन सम्बन्धी नियम ]

(iii)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, Present Perfect Continuous Tense हो तो Indirect बनाते समय इसको Past Perfect Continuous Tense में बदल देते है-
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He has been going to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he had been going to school.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "I have been jumping so high."
            Indirect-  The child told me that he had been jumping so high.
(iv)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, Past Indefinite Tense हो तो Indirect बनाते समय इसको Past Perfect Tense में बदल देते है-
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He went to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he had gone to school.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "I jumped so high."
            Indirect-  The child told me that he had jumped so high.
(v)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, Past Continuous Tense हो तो Indirect बनाते समय इसको Past Perfect Continuous Tense में बदल देते है-
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He was going to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he had been going to school.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "I was jumping so high."
            Indirect-  The child told me that he had been jumping so high.
(vi)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, Past Perfect Tense या Past Perfect Continuous Tense में हो तो Indirect बनाते समय इसमें कोई परिवर्तन नहीं करते है-
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He had gone to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he had gone to school.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "I had jumped so high."
            Indirect-  The child told me that he had jumped so high.


(vii)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, में यदि Will, Shall, Can, May, आदि आये तो Indirect बनाते समय Will को would, shall को should, Can को could, May को might में बदल देते है l-
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He will go to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he would go to school.

            Direct-  I said to him, "I shall jump so high."
            Indirect-  I told him that I should jump so high.
(viii)-यदि Direct Speech का रिपोर्टेड Part, में यदि Would, Should, Could, Might, Must, Ought, आदि आये तो Indirect बनाते समय इनमे कोई परिवर्तन नहीं करते है
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He would like to go to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he would like to go to school.

            Direct-  I said to him, "I shall jump so high."
            Indirect-  I told him that I should jump so high.
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, " He must go to school."
            Indirect-  They said taht he must go to school.

            Direct-  I said to him, "You ought to respect elders ."
            Indirect-  I told him that he ought to respect elders.

Universal Truth [ सदा सत्य रहने वाली बातें ]

(1)-यदि Direct Speech के Reported Part में कोई सदा सत्य रहने वाली बात, आदत सम्बन्धी बात, कहावत या किसी एतिहासिक घटना का वर्णन किया गया हो तो Indirect बनाते समय Reported part के Tense में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं करते है l
     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, "Two and two make four." [ सदा सत्य रहने वाली बात ]
            Indirect-  They said taht two and two make four.

            Direct-  I said to him, "The sun rises in the East." [ सदा सत्य रहने वाली बात ]
            Indirect-  I told him that the sun rises in the East.

            Direct-  They said, "Dogs moves it's tail at acquaintance." [ आदत ]
            Indirect-  They said taht dogs moves it's tail at acquaintance.

            Direct-  I said to him, "India bacame free in 1947." [ एतिहासिक घटना ]
            Indirect-  I told him that India bacame free in 1947 .

Test Based On Above Studies [ उपर्युक्त अध्ययन पर आधारित अभ्यास ]

 



 


         


 
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