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Page No. 8


 
Rule 3-यदि Reported Speech के 'Let us या Let's' वाले वाक्य से आदेश प्रकट हो said को ordered में, प्रार्थना प्रकट हो तो requested में बदल देते है और [ , " ] के स्थान to का प्रयोग करते है इसके बाद let वाला वाक्य लिखते है l

Rule 4-let के स्थान पर that लगाकर भी नाउन या pronoun के बाद might be allowed to लगते है और verb का first फॉर्म प्रयोग करते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  Sheela said to the students, "Let him discuss on the matter."
            Indirect-  sheela ordered to the students to let him discuss on the matter.

            Direct-  He said to me. " Let me go for a walk."
            Indirect-  He requested to me to let him go for a walk.

 

4- Exclaimatory Sentences [ विस्मय सूचक वाक्य ]

Exclamatory Sentences से हर्ष, दुःख, आश्चर्य, आदि भाव प्रकट होते है l Exclamatory sentences के अंतर्गत हम निम्नप्रकार Indirect बनाते है l
Rule 1-अगर वाक्य में दुःख, प्रकट किया गया है अर्थात वाक्य में Alas!, Oh!, Ah!, आदि शव्दों का प्रयोग मिलता है तो Indirect बनाते समय Reporting Verb 'said' को Exclaimed with sorrow या exclaimed with grief में बदल देते है l

Rule 2-[ , " ] के स्थान पर that का प्रयोग करते है

Rule 3-अगर Reporting part में object भी दिया हो तो exclaimed with sorrow/delight/surprise आदि के बाद to लगाकर object भी लिखते है l

Rule 4-Indirect बनाते समय भाव प्रकट करने वाले शव्दों को हटा देते है l

Rule 5-Indirect बनाते समय Note of exclamation (!) को हटा देते है l

Rule 6-Exclamatory sentence को Assertive sentence में बदल देते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  Sheela said to the students, "Alas! we have lost our money."
            Indirect-  sheela exclaimed with sorrow to the students that they had lost their money.

            Direct-  He said . "Ah! I have pain in my head."
            Indirect-  He exclaimed with grief that he had pain in his head.

Rule 7-अगर वाक्य में हर्ष या प्रसन्नता प्रकट की गयी हो अर्थात वाक्य में Hurrah! या Aha! आदि शव्द आये हो तो said के स्थान पर exclaimed with delight या exclaimed with joy कर देते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  Sheela said , " Hurrah! My team has won the match."
            Indirect-  sheela exclaimed with delight that her team had won the match.

            Direct-  He said . " Aha! I am successful now."
            Indirect-  He exclaimed with joy that he was successful then.

Rule 8-अगर वाक्य में हर्ष या आश्चर्य प्रकट की गया हो अर्थात वाक्य में How!, What!, Oh!, wow! या O my God! आदि शव्द आये हो तो said के स्थान पर exclaimed with surprise या exclaimed with wonder कर देते है l

Rule 9-अगर वाक्य में हर्ष या आश्चर्य प्रकट की गया हो अर्थात वाक्य में How!, What!, आदि शव्दों का प्रयोग मिलता है Indirect बनाते समय इनके स्थान पर very, much या great शव्दों का प्रयोग करते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  Sheela said , " Wow! so sweet mango this is."
            Indirect-  sheela exclaimed with surprise that so sweet mango that was./ that was so sweet mango.

            Direct-  He said . " What a fine morning it is!."
            Indirect-  He exclaimed with wonder that it was a very fine morning.

Rule 10-अगर वाक्य में हर्ष या प्रशंसा प्रकट की गयी हो अर्थात वाक्य में Bravo!, Well done!, आदि शव्दों का प्रयोग मिलता है Indirect बनाते समय said के स्थान पर praised या applauded कर देते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  Sheela said to me , " Bravo! you have defeated the enemy."
            Indirect-  sheela praised me that I had defeated the enemy.

            Direct-  He said . " Well done! you are a good singer."
            Indirect-  He applauded that I was a good singer.

 




         


 
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