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Active & Passive Voice [ कर्तृवाच्य तथा कर्मवाच्य]

Active Voice [ कर्तृवाच्य ]:- ऐसे वाक्य जिनमे कर्ता की प्रधानता होती है अर्थात कर्ता को केंद्र मानकर कर्ता के बारे में कुछ कहा जाता है, कर्तृवाच्य कहलाते है l [ Those sentences in which subject is main, means something is said about subject, is called active voice.]
    For Examples:-
            Active-  Sheela sings a sweet song.
            Active-  They are playing football.
            Active-  Birds eat worms.
            Active-  He reads a book.

Passive Voice [ कर्मवाच्य ]:- ऐसे वाक्य जिनमे कर्म की प्रधानता होती है अर्थात object को केंद्र मानकर object के बारे में कुछ कहा जाता है, कर्मवाच्य कहलाते है l [ Those sentences in which object is main, means something is said about object, is called passive voice.]
     For Examples:-
            Passive-  A sweet song is sung by Sheela.
            Passive-  Football is being played by them.
            Passive-  Worms are eaten by birds.
            Passive-  A book is read by him.

Passive कितने Tenses का बनता है ? How Many Tenses Can be Changed into Passive?


Active Voice का अध्ययन हम 12 Tenses जबकि Passive Voice बनाने का अध्ययन हम 8 Tenses के अंतर्गत करते है जो निम्नलिखित है l-
Active Voice Passive Voice
1- Present Indefinite Tense 1- Present Indefinite Tense
2- Present continuous Tense 2- Present continuous Tense
3- Present Perfect Tense 3- Present Perfect Tense
4- Present Perfect Continuous tense 4- Present Perfect Continuous tense [ का Passive नहीं बनता है ]
5- Past Indefinite Tense 5- Past Indefinite Tense
6- Past continuous Tense 6- Past continuous Tense
7- Past Perfect Tense 7- Past Perfect Tense
8- Past Perfect Continuous Tense 8- Past Perfect Continuous Tense [ का Passive नहीं बनता है ]
9- Future Indefinite Tense 9- Future Indefinite Tense
10- Future Continuous Tense 10- Future Continuous Tense [ का Passive नहीं बनता है ]
11- Future Perfect Tense 11- Future Perfect Tense
12- Future Perfect Continuous Tense 12- Future Perfect Continuous Tense [ का Passive नहीं बनता है ]
 

1- Present Indefinite Tense के अंतर्गत Active से Passive बनाने का अध्ययन



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   1- Assertive or Affirmative Sentences [ कथ्नात्मक या स्वीकारात्मक वाक्य ]:-ऐसे वाक्य जिनमे किसी बात या कार्य का करना या होना स्वीकार किया जाता है, स्वीकारात्मक वाक्य कहलाते है l Present Indefinite Tense के Affirmative sentence का Passive बनाने के लिए निम्न फार्मूले का प्रयोग करते है l

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   Formula [ सूत्र ]:-


     [ Object का Subjective रूप + is/are/am + v3 + by + subject का objective रूप + other ]

     For Examples:-
            Active-    Sheela sings a sweet song.
            Passive-  A sweet song is sung by Sheela.
            Active-    Birds eat worms.
            Passive-  Worms are eaten by Birds.

   2- Negative Sentence[ नकारात्मक वाक्य ]:-ऐसे वाक्य जिनमे किसी बात या कार्य का करना या होना अस्वीकार किया जाता है, नकारात्मक वाक्य कहलाते है l Present Indefinite Tense के Negative sentence का Passive बनाने के लिए निम्न फार्मूले का प्रयोग करते है l

   Formula [ सूत्र ]:-


 [ Object का Subjective रूप + is/are/am + not + v3 + by + subject का objective रूप + other ]

     For Examples:-
            Active-   Sheela does not sing a sweet song.
            Passive-  A sweet song is not sung by Sheela.
            Active-   Birds do not eat worms.
            Passive-  Worms are not eaten by Birds.