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Page No. 6


 
Rule4-यदि Direct Speech का Reported Part किसी सहायक क्रिया (is, are, am, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall, do, does, did,can, may, etc.) से प्रारंभ हो तो Indirect बनाते समय [ , " ] को हटा कर if या whether का प्रयोग करते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said, "Have we been coming here?"
            Indirect-  They asked if they had been coming there.

            Direct-  The child said to me, " Is this my garden?"
            Indirect-  The child asked me whether that was his garden.
Rule5-Indirect बनाते समय Reported Part के Interrogative Sentence को Affirmative Setence में बदल देते है l अर्थात if या whether के बाद पहले subject लिखते है फिर क्रिया लिखते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  I said to Mohan, "May I use your telephone?"
            Indirect-  I asked Mohan if I might use his telephone.

            Direct-  She said to me, "Do you learn your lesson?"
            Indirect-  She asked me whether I learnt my lesson.
Rule6-यदि Direct Speech का Reported Part किसी सहायक क्रिया (do या does) से प्रारंभ हो तथा उसके बाद Not का प्रयोग हो तो Indirect बनाते समय Do या Does को Did में बदल देते है फिर not का प्रयोग करते है l वाक्य संरचना इस प्रकार होगी l ( subject + did + not + v1 )

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said to him, "Do you not want to do homework?"
            Indirect-  They asked him if he did not want to do homework.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "Does the baby not cry?"
            Indirect-  The child asked me whether the baby did not cry.
Rule7-यदि Direct Speech का Reported Part किसी सहायक क्रिया (do या does) से प्रारंभ हो तथा उसके बाद Not का प्रयोग न हो तो Indirect बनाते समय Do या Does को हटा देते है और मुख्य क्रिया को Second Form में बदल देते है वाक्य संरचना इस प्रकार होगी l ( subject + v1 )

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said to him, "Do you want to do homework?"
            Indirect-  They asked him if he wanted to do homework.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "Does the baby cry?"
            Indirect-  The child asked me whether the baby cried.
Rule8-यदि Direct Speech का Reported Part किसी प्रश्नवाचक शव्द ( What, why, where, when, who, how, which, whose, whom, how much, howmany) से प्रारंभ हो Connective word ' If या whether' के स्थान पर इन्ही शव्दों को रख देते है l वाक्य संरचना इस प्रकार होगी l (Q.W. + subject + hv + v ) प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य Affirmative में तथा Interrogative and Negative sentence नकारात्मक वाक्य में बदल जाता है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said to him, " Why do you want to do homework?"
            Indirect-  They asked him why he wanted to do homework.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "When was the baby not crying?"
            Indirect-  The child asked me when the baby was not crying.
Rule9-रिपोर्टेड स्पीच के उत्तर में आये Yes या No के स्थान पर पहले वाक्य के कर्ता या verb को दुबारा लाया जाता है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said to him, "Do you want to do homework?" He said, "Yes."
            Indirect-  They asked him if he wanted to do homework. He replied that he wanted.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "Was the baby not crying?" I said, "Not."
            Indirect-  The child asked me if the baby was not crying. I replied that the baby was not crying.
Rule10-रिपोर्टेड स्पीच के उत्तर में आये Yes के स्थान पर replied in affirmative तथा No के स्थान पर replied in negative कर देते है l

     For Examples:-
            Direct-  They said to him, "Do you want to do homework?" He said, "Yes."
            Indirect-  They asked him if he wanted to do homework. He replied in affirmative.

            Direct-  The child said to me, "Was the baby not crying?" I said, "Not."
            Indirect-  The child asked me if the baby was not crying. I replied in negative..

Test Based On Above Studies [ उपर्युक्त अध्ययन पर आधारित अभ्यास ]

 



 


         


 
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